Avalanche Bibliography


Supplement No. 1

Literature published 1966-1972

(This supplement has been prepared
by the Geophysics Program, University
of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.)

March 1973


The publications are listed alphabetically by author. The library where each item can be located and its call number, when known, are given following the source. Libraries are identified according to the following code:

CU: California Univ, Berkeley, Calif.
CLU: California Univ, Los Angeles, Calif.
CU-S: California Univ, Scripps Inst. of Oceanog., La Jolla, Cal
DAS: Atmospheric Science Library, Silver Springs, Md.
DBS: U.S. Bureau of Standards Library, Washington, D.C.
DGS: U.S. Geological Survey Library, Washington, D.C.
DLC: Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
DNAL: National Agricultural Library, Washington, D.C.
DN-HO: U.S. Naval Oceanographic Office Library, Suitland, Md.

Other codes:
UDC: Universal Decimal Classification
SIP,SIPRE: Snow, Ice and Permafrost Research Establishment
CRREL: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory

Following the UDC number and/or library, the number in parentheses (SD) indicates where a short abstract of the item may be found.

The numbers 18.1-1 to 22.12-525 refer to the Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts, published by the American Meteorological Society, Volume 18(1967) to Volume 22(1971). The code for each number is:

volume.month-abstract number

The second source of abstracts is CRREL Report 12, the different volumes, years, titles and abstract numbers listed below:

Vol. XXI, June 1967, Bibliography on Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground.
Abstract numbers 24201-25200. (This is the SIPRE designation.)

Vol. XXII, June 1968, Bibliography on Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground.
Abstract numbers 25201-26000. (This also SIPRE designation.)

Vol. XXIII, July 1969, Bibliography on Cold Regions Science & Technology.
Abstract numbers 23-1 to 23-5848.

Vol. XXIV, July 1970, Bibliography on Cold Regions Science & Technology.
Abstract numbers 24-1 to 24-4014.

Vol. XXV, July 1971, Bibliography on Cold Regions Science & Technology.
Abstract numbers 25-1 to 25-4385.

A. Proceedings of the 4th Transcaucasian Scientific Conference on Snow, Avalanche, and Glacier Studies in the Caucasus.,(Materially IV Zakavkazskol nauchnoi Konferentsee po i Zucheniiu Snezhnogo poknova, snezhnykn lavin i lednikov Kaukaza.) (G. N. Khmaladze, Ed.) Tiflis. Zakavkazskii nauchno - issledovatel'skii gidrometeorologicheskii institut. Trudy,45(51), 1970.

B. Snow and Avalanches of the Khibiny Mountains. (Sneg' laviny khibin; text 1n Russian w/ English foreword.) (G. K. Tushinskii, Ed.) Moscow, 1967.

C. Tashkend. Sredneaziatskii nauchno - issledovatel'skii gidrometeorologiche skii institut. Trudy,51(66), 1970.

D. The Great Alaska Earthquake of 1964 National Research Council Committee on the Alaska Earthquake, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Publication 1603, 1968.

E. Vsesoluznyi gliatsiologicheskii simpozium,
III. (Proceedings, Third All-Union Glaciological Symposium.) Uspekhi sovetskoi gliatsiologii, Frunze, Ilim, 1968.

F. Nal'chik. Vysokogornyl geofizicheskli institut. Trudy, Vol. 15, 1969.

G. Tashkent. SredneazIatskiI nauchno - issledovatel'skii gidrometeorologiche skii institut. Trudy, 48(63), 1969.

H. Akademiia nauk SSSR. Institut geografli. Materially gliatsiologicheskikh issledovanli. Khronika obsuzhdeniia

I. Moscow Universitet. Geograficheskii fakul'tet. Informatsionnyi Sbornik o rabotakh po mezhdunarodnomu geofizicheskomu godu No. 12, 1966.

J. Sredneaziatskii. Nauchno - issledovatel'skii gidrometeorologicheskii institut, Trudy, No. 27(42).

K. Tiflis. Hauchno-Issledovatel'skii Gidrometeorologicheskii Institut.
Trudy, No. 20, 1966.

L. International Association of Scientific Hydrology, Publication No. 69, 1966. International Symposium on Scientific Aspects of Snow and Ice Avalanches. Davos, Apri1 1965. Reports and Discussions.
M. Nal'chik. U.S.S.R. Yysokogornyi Geofizicheskii Institut. Trudy, 1967.

N. In International Conference on Low Temperature, Sapporo, Japan, 14 - 19 Aug 1966, Proceedings, Vol. 1, Physics of Snow and Ice, pt. 2. Sapporo, Japan. Hokkaido Un1versity. Institute of Low Temperature Sclence, 1967.

O. Sredneezratsk1i Nauchno-Issledovatel'skii Gidrometeorologicheskil Institut, Tashkent. Trudy.

P. Itogi naukl. Gidrologila Sashl. Gliatslologlia.

Ambach, W. and F. Howorka. Avalanche Activity and Free Water Content of Snow at Obergurgl (1980m a.s.l., Spring 1962). Source L: 65-72. (19.3-322)

Allen, J. R. Avalanching of Granular Solids on Dunes and Similar Slopes. J1. of Geology, 78:3, May 1970, p. 326-351. (25-111)

Atwater, M. M. The Avalanche Hunters. Phil. Macrae Smith Co., 1968. UDC 551.578.48(215-75)(02) DAS(M78.48 A887au) DLC. (20.10-4)

Bradley, C. C. Location and Timing of Deep Slab Avalanches. J1. of Glaciology, 9(56), June 1970, p. 253-261. (25-1085)

Bradley, C. C. and D. Bowles. Strength-load Ration: An Index of Deep Slab Avalanche Conditions. Source N: 1243-1253. UDC 551.578.482(237.1)786 DAS(M74.1 I61pr Vol. 1. pt. 2). (20.1-388)

Briukhanov, A. V. et. al. On Some New Approaches to the Dynamics of Snow Avalanches. Source N: lZ23-1241. UDC 551.578.482 DAS(M74.1 I61pr Vol. 1, pt. 2). (20.1-389)

Bull, C. and C. Marangonic. Glaciological Effect of Debris Slide on Sherman Glacier. Source D 309-317. QE535.N3. (24-458)

Caine, N. Model for Alpine Talus Slope Development by Slush Avalanching. J1. of Geology, 77(1):92-lCO, Jan 1969. (23-5215)

De Quervain, M. R. Problems of Avalanche Research. Source L: 15-22. UDC 551.578.482:167.7 DLC OBB51.I63. (25-204)

De Quervain, M. R. and H. R. in der Gand. Distribution of Snow Deposit in a Test Area for Alpine Reforestation. In Forest Hydrology: Proceedings, International Symposium on Forest Hydrology, Pennsylvania State University, 29 Aug - 10 Sept, 1965 (W. E. Sopper and H. W. Lull, Ed.), Oxford, England: Pergamon Press, P. 233-239. UDC 551.578.46:551.578.48:634.0.233(234.3) DLC. (18.10-503)

di Novi, R. A. Application of the Pulse Method to a Specific Heat and Density - Independent Measurement of Thermal Conductivity: Extension of the Method to Very Small Specimens. J1. of Scientific Instruments, Ser. 2, Vol. 1, April 1968, p. 379-382. (23-2117)

Dugovich, W. Year-round Preparation Keeps Washington Ready When Snow Comes. Better Roads, 37(7):22-24, July 1967.
UDC 624.144.531.55(79) DLC TE1.B27. (25-492)

Field, W. O. Effect of Previous Earthquakes on Glaciers. Source D: 252-265. QE 535.N3. (24-456)

Fraser, C. Avalanche Enigma. New York: Rand McNally, 1966. UDC 551.578.48(023) DLC(QC 929.A8F71966). (18.6-466)

Frutiger, H. Behavior of Avalanche in Areas Controlled by Supporting Structure. Source L: 243-250. UDC 551.578.48:624.144 DAS(M(06)I116g). (19.4-357)

Frutiger, H. and M. de Quervain. Supporting Structures or Galleries. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, U.S. Forest Service (USFS) Research Paper RM-l9, May 1966. (Translation.) (23-4618)

Frutiqer, H. and J. Kuster. On Glide and Creep of the Snow Cover Among Avalanche Defenses. Alta Avalanche Study Center, Wasatch National Forest, USFS, No. 9, Nov 1968. (Translation.) (23-5067)

Frutiger, H. and M. Martinelli, Jr. Manual for Planning Structural Control of Avalanches. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, USFS Research Paper RM-l9, May 1966. (23-4615)

Fuchs, A. Effects of Explosives on Snow. U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL, SIPRE), SR 23, July 1957. AD-203 809. (24-3428)

Furukawa, I. Notch-type Step Construction for Prevention of Avalanches. Ource N: 1291-1294. (20.11-363)

Gallanher, D., Ed. The Snow Torments: Avalanche Accidents in the U.S. 1910-1966. Alta Avalanche Study Center, Wasatch National Forest, USFS. Jan 1967. UDC 551.578.48(73) DAS (M78.486 U5814sn). (21.1-633)

Gardner, J. Geomorphic Significance of Avalanches in the Lake Louise Area, Alberta, Canada. Arctic and Alpine Research, 2(2), Spring 1970, p. 135-144. t25-2668)

Gardner, N. C. and A. Judson. Artillery Control of Avalanches Along Mountain Highways. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ft. Collins, Colorado, USFS Research Paper RM-61, 0ct 1970. (25-3505)

Goldthwait, R. P. Hydrologic Hazards from Earthquakes. Source D: 405-414. QE 535.N3. (24-466)

Gvinchidze, N. M. Air Currents Arising During Movement of Avalanche Snow. CRREL Translation, 1966. AD-715 030. (25-2313)

Haefeli, R. Some Mechanical Aspects on the Formation of Avalanches. Source N: 1199-1213. UDC 551.578.482 DAS (M74.1 I61pr Vol. 1, Pt. 2). (20.1-390)

Huzioka, T. et. al. Observation of Creep Rate of Snow on Mountain Slopes, Teshio District, Hokkaido. Source N: 1177-1183. UDC 551.578.46: 539.376:551.578.482(520) DAS (M74.1 I61pr Vol. 1, Pt. 2). (19.12-403)

Johnson, N. M. and R. H. Ragle. Analysis of Flow Characteristics of Allen II Slide From Aerial Photographs. Source D: 369-373. QE 535.N3. (24-463)

Judson, A. Snow Cover and Avalanches in the High Alpine Zone of Western United States. Source N: 1151-1168. UDC 551.578.46:551.578.48(237.1) DAS (M74.1 I61pr. Vol. 1, Pt. 2). (19.12-404)

Kosarev, M. V. Main Results of a Study of Avalanche Formations Conditions on the Southern Slopes of the Western Tien Shan. (Translated from Russian.) Soviet Hydrology: Selected papers, No. 3, 1969, p. 295-303. UDC 551.578.48(47+57)=82 DAS, DLC. (24-1665)

Kotlyakov, V. M. and M. Ia. Plam. Influence of Drifting on Snow Distribution in the Mountains and its Role in the Formation of Avalanches. Source L: 53-60. UDC 551.578.466:551.578.482(234.9)47 DAS(M(06)I611g). (19.3-326)

Krasser, L. M. A. Sound Phenomena of Deposited Snow. Source N: 1261-1267. UDC 551.578.46:534:551.578.482 DAS (M74.1 I61pr Vol. 1, pt. 2). (19 12-405)

Kuroda, M. Classification of Snow Avalanches. Source N: 1277-1290. UDC 551.578.481 DAS (M74.1 I61pr. Vol. 1, Pt. 2). (20.1-387)

Kuroda, M. Dynamic Studies on the Occurrence of Avalanches. CRREL, 1966. (Translation.) (25-2332)

Kuroda, M. Preliminary Report of a Model Experiment on Heat Avalanches. CRREL, 1966. (Translation.) (25-2333)

LaChapelle, E. R. Avalanche Forecasting: a Modern Synthesis. (English summary.) Source L: 350-356. UDC 551.578.483(73) DAS (M(06) I611g). (19.3-346)

LaChapelle, E. R. Character of Snow Avalanching Induced by the Alaska Earthquake. Source D: 355-361. QE 535.N3. (24-461)

LaChapelle, E. R. From Snowflake to Avalanche. Natural History, 79(2), Feb 1970, p. 30-39. (24-2468)

LaChapelle, E. R., Ed. Instrumentation for Snow, Weather and Avalanche Observations. Alta Avalanche Study Center, Wasatch National Forest, USFS Snow Safety Guide No. 2, April 1970. (25-2985)

LaChapelle, E. R. Relation of Crystal Riming to Avalanche Formation in New Snow. Source N: 1169-1175. UDC 551.578.482:551.578.483 DAS (M74.1 I6pr, Vol. 1, Pt. 2). (20.1-392)

LaChapelle, E. R. Snow Avalanches. Snow: Seminar conducted by Water Resources Research Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, Spring quarter, 1969. (24-2001)

LaChapelle, E. R. The Control of Snow Avalanches. Scientific American, 214(2):92-101, Feb 1966. UDC 551.578.48:624.182 DLC T1.55. (24316)

LaChapelle, E. R. and R. M. Stillman. Control of Snow Metamorphism by Chemical Agents. Source L: 261-266. UDC 551.578.463:551.578.48: 624.144(788) DAS (M(06)I611g). (19.3-323)

Langmuir, E. Snow Profiles in Scotland. Weather, 25(5), May 1970, p. 203 209. (25-3681)

Losev, K. S. Avalanches in the USSR. (Distribution, Division, Forecasting Possibilities.) CRREL, 1970. (Translation.) (25-2341)

Losev, K. S. Genetic Classification of Avalanches. Source L: 394-396. UDC 551.578.481 DAS (M(06)I 6119). (19.3-335)

Losev, K. S. Role of Avalanches in Mass Budqet of Glaciers. Source N: 385-388. UDC 551.578.48:551.324.43(47+57)=82 DLC. (18.7-537)

Manning, H.(ed.) Mountaineering, the Freedom of the Hills. The Mountaineers, Seattle, 1967. (23-3058)

Marangunic, C. and C. Bull. Landslide on the Sherman Glacier. Source D: 383-394. QE 535.N3 (24-465)

Martinec, J. Snow Cover Density Changes in an Experimental Watershed. Source l: 43-52. UDC 551.578.46:551.578.482 DAS (M(06)I 6119).(19.3-314)

Martinelli, M., Jr. Avalanche Technology and Research: Recent Accomplishments and Future Prospects. Weatherwise, Boston, 19(6):232-239, 270-271, Bec 1966. UDC 551.578.48:551.508.79:624.18 DAS, DLC. (18.5-337)

Martinelli, M., Jr. Possibilities of Snowpack Management in Alpine Areas. Forest Hydrology, Proceedings of an NSF Advanced Science Seminar, (W. E. Sopper and H. W. Lull, Ed.) Oxford, N.Y. Pergamon Press, 1967, p. 225-237. (23-5507)

Martinelli, M., Jr. and K. D. Davidson. An Example of Damage From a Powder Avalanche. Bull. International Association of Science and Hydrology, 11(3):26-34, Sept 1966. UDC 551.578.482~.486(78) DLC GPRR. (25-052)

Meiman, J. R. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Workshop on Snow and Ice Hydrology at CSU, August 12-22, 1969. International Hydrological Decade, U.S. Contribution, Ft. Collins, Colorado, 1969. (25-583)

Meier, M.F. Calculation of Slip of Nisqually Glacier on its Bed: No Simple Relation of Sliding Velocity to Shear Stress. Source L: No. 79:49-57,1968. UDS 551.578.482(237) DAS (M(06)I611g S. Yd. No. 79). (20.10-424)

Mellor, M. Avalanches. U.S. Army CRREL. MIII-A3d, May 1968. AD-671614.

Montagne, J. et. al. Nature and Control of Snow Cornices on the Bridger Range, Southwestern Montana. Alta Avalanche Study Center, Wasatch National Forest, USFS Misc. Report No. 14, Oct 1968. (23-4815)

Moskalev, Iu. D. Avalanche Mechanics. CRREL, 1970. (Translation.) (25-2352)

Moskalev, Iu. D. On the Mechanism of the Formation of Wet Snow Avalanches. Source L: 196-198. UDC 551.578.482 DAS (M(06)I 6119). (19.5-331)

Moskalev, Iu. D. Stability of Snow Cover on Mountain Slopes. Source N: 1215-1222. UDC 551.578.482 DAS (M74.1 I61pr Yol. 1, Pt. 2). (20.1-393)

Perla, R. I. Modern Avalanche Rescue. Alta Avalanche Study Center, Wasatch National Forest, USFS Snow Safety Guide No. 1, 1968. (23-4093)

Perla, R. I. On Contributory Factors in Avalanche Hazard Evaluation. Canadian Geotechnical J1., 7(4):414-419, Nov 1970. (25-2858)

Perla, R. I. and E. R. LaChapelle. Theory of Snow Slab Failure. J1 of Geophysical Research, 75(36):7619-7622, 20 Dec 1970. UDC 551.578 482 DAS, DLC. (22.10-391)

Pinchak, A. C. Avalanche Activity on the Vaughan Lewis Icefall, Alaska. J1. of Glaciology, 7(51):441-448, Oct 1968. UDC 551.578.48(798) DAS, DLC. (20.9-495)

Pinchak, A. C. Snow Avalanche Activity on the Upper Kahiltna Glacier. American Alpine J1., 16(2):358-364, 1969. (24-1188)

Plafker, G. Source Areas of the Shattered Peak and Pyramid Peak Landslides at Sherman Glacier. Source D: D 4-382. QE535.N3. (24-464)

Plasschaert, J. H. M. Weather and Avalanches. Weather, 24(3):99-102, March 1969. UDC 551.5:551.578.48 DAS, DLC. (20.10-52)

Post, A. S. Effects on Glaciers. Source D: 266-308. Prof. paper 544-D QE535.N3. (24-457)

Potter, N. Jr. Tree-ring Dating of Sn~w Avalanche Tracks and the Geomorphic Activity of Avalanches, Northern Absaroka Mountains, Wyoming. Geological Society of America, Special paper No. 123, 1969. U.S. Contribution to Quaternary Research, 8th INQUA tongress, Paris (S. A. Schumm and W. C. Bradley, Ed.), p. 141-165. CE696~86. (25-1780)

Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting - Eastern Snow Conference, Portland, Maine, 1969. (25-1058)

Proceedings of the 27th Annual.Meeting - Eastern Snow Conference, Albany, N.Y., 1970. (25-3568)

Reports and Discussions. IASH. Commission of Snow and Ice. General Assembly, Bern, 25 Sept - 7 Oct, 1967. IASH Publication No. 79, Jan 1968. (24-668)

Report - Eastern Snow Conference. Committee on Research. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting, 1969, p. 115-125. (A brief annotated bibliography relating to snow and ice.) (25-1067)

Roch, A. Possibilities of Protection by Deflecting or Braking Avalanches, or by Artificial Release. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, USFS Research Paper RM-l9, p. 62-63, May 1956. (Translation.) (23-4616)

Salm, B. On Nonuniform, Steady Flow of Avalanche Snow. IASH Publication No. 79, Jan 1968, p. 19-29. (24-812)

Schaerer, P. A. Amount of Snow Deposited at Avalanche Sites. Source N: 1255-1260. UDC 551.578.48(711) DAS (M74.1 I61pr. Vol. 1, Pt. 2).(20.1-383)

Schaerer, P. A. Planning Defenses Against Avalanches. Canadian Geotechnical J1., 7(4):397-404, Nov 1970. (25-2856)

Schaerer, P. A. Snowshed Location and Design. Proceedings, J1. of American Society of Civil Engineering Highway Div, 92(HW2):21-23, Oct 1966. 624.182.3 DLC TE1.A73. (24984)

Schriever, W. R. et. al. Snow Accumulations in Canada Case Histories: I. National Research Council, Canada, Division of Building Research, Technical Paper No. 237, Jan 1967. (25-2979)

Schwarz, W. Braking Structures. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, USFS Research Paper RM-l9, May 1966, p. 64-67. (Translation.)(23-4617)

Shimizu, H. Magnitude of Avalanche. Source N: 1269-1276. UDC 551.378.48(520) DAS (M74.1 I61pr Vol. 1, Pt. 2). (20.1-384)

Shoda, M. Aerial Observations and Thin Section Studies on Avalanches Source N: 1137-1149. UDC 551.578.48:551.507.35 DAS (M74.1 I61pr Vol. 1, Pt. 2). (20.1-385)

Shreve, R. L. Leakage and Fluidization in Air Layer Lubricated Avalanches. Bull., Geological Society of America, 79(5):653-657, May 1968. (23-2722)

Shreve, R. L. Sherman Landslide, Alaska. Science, 154(3757):1639-1643, Dec 1966. UDC 551.244:551.324.05(*49) DLC Q1.535. (25-114)

Sommerfeld, R. A. The Role of Stress Concentration in Slab Avalanche Release. J1. of Glaciology, 8(54):451-462, Oct 1969. (24-2035)

Sommerhalder, E. Avalanche Forces and the Protection of Objects. Alta Avalanche Study Center, Wasatch National Forest, USFS Translation No. 6, Nov 1969. (23-3670)

Sosedov, I. S. and I. V. Severskii. On Hydrological Role of Snow Avalanches in the Northern Slope of the iailiysky Alatau. Source L: 78-85. UDC 551.578.48:551.579.2(235.21) DAS (M(06)I611g). (19.3-330)

Swanston, D. N. Mass Wasting in Coastal Alaska. U.S. Pacific N.W. Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, Oregon, USFS Research Paper PNW-83, 1969. (24-2480)

Swanston, D. N. Mechanics of De6ris Avalanching in Shallow Till Soils of Southeast Alaska. U.S. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, Oregon. USFS Research Paper PNW-103, 1970. (25-3317)

The Great Alaska Earthquake of 1964. National Research Council Committee on the Alaska Earthquake, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., Publication 1603, 1968. QE535.N3. (24-450)

Tushinskii, G. K. Avalanche Classification, and Rhythms in Snow Cover and Glaciation of the Northern Hemisphere in Historical Times. Source L: 382-393. UDC 551.578.46:551.578.481:551.583.2(215-17) DAS (M(06)I611g).(19.3-320)

Tushinskii, G. K. Maior Trends in the Study of Avalanche Danger in the USSR. Source L 283-285. UDC 551.578.48:624.144(47+57) DAS (M(06)1611g).

Tushinskii, G. K. et. al. Avalanches of the USSR. Source N: 1295-1309. UDC 551.578.48(47+57) DAS (M74.1 I61pr Vol. 1, pt. 2). (20.5-472)

Tuthill, S. J. Earthquake-triggered Rock Avalanches and Glacial Stagnation in South Central Alaska. Source D: 362-368. QE535.N3. (24-462)

Tuthill, S. J. et. al. Post Earthquake Studies at Sherman and Sheridan Glaciers. Source D: 318-328. QE535.N3. (24-459)

van Wijk, M. C. Photogammetry Applied to Avalanche Studies. J1. of Glacio logy, 6(48):917-933, Oct 1967. UDC 551.578.48:528.74 DAS, DLC. (19.5-329)

Yosida, Z. Snow Cover Mechanics. Sciences and Technology, No. 87:28-29, 32-28, March 1969. UDC 551.578.46:551.578.48:624.147 CU. (20.10-418)

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